Filming Interactions to Nurture Development (FIND)
Principal Investigator: Phil Fisher, PhD
Filming Interactions to Nurture Development (FIND) is a video coaching program for parents and other caregivers of high-risk children. Consistent with other video coaching strategies, FIND employs video to reinforce naturally occurring, developmentally supportive interactions between caregivers and young children. This simple, practical approach emphasizes caregivers’ strengths and capabilities. FIND was developed by Dr. Fisher and colleagues at the Oregon Social Learning Center (OSLC) and OSLC Developments Inc. The approach has roots in the tradition of microsocial interaction research at OSLC and in an intervention called Marte Meo, which has been widely implemented in Europe and elsewhere. More information about Marte Meo can be found here.
FIND utilizes the concept of Serve and Return that was developed at the Center on the Developing Child at Harvard University as the framework within which developmentally supportive interactions are identified. A serve occurs when a child initiates an interaction using words or gestures, or by focusing their attention on something or someone. The serve is returned when the caregiver notices and responds. Within the context of FIND, 5 specific elements of serve and return are emphasized, with one element introduced in each coaching session.
The FIND program has been implemented in both individual and group settings. In both cases, it begins with video recordings of a caregiver and child in their home or other natural setting. The film is carefully edited to show brief clips in which the caregiver is engaged in developmentally supportive interactions with the child. At an individual or group coaching session, the FIND Coach reviews the edited clips in detail with the caregivers.
The FIND edited film is specially designed to facilitate learning and optimize engagement. Each film focuses on one of the 5 elements of Serve and Return that comprise the FIND model. For each film, three short clips are selected. Each clip begins with a brief description that appears as text on the screen and is read aloud by the coach. This text cues the parent to notice the child’s initiation (serve) and the their own developmentally supportive response (return). Then the clip plays three times. First, the clip plays all the way through. The second time there are embedded pauses placed by the editor, which cue the coach to pause and comment on specific elements of the interaction. Finally, the clip plays once more all the way through, giving the caregiver an opportunity to consolidate what they’ve learned. Consistent with other video coaching approaches, the film begins and ends with a still image of the caregiver and child.
The FIND team is currently evaluating the intervention in a variety of settings including an ongoing randomized control trial in collaboration with the University of Denver and multiple smaller scale studies designed to adapt and test the program in particular contexts and with specific populations (e.g. child welfare involved families and fathers).