Criminal Justice Commission-Funded Reentry Evaluation
Principal Investigator: Michael R. McCart, PhD
Reentry programs are designed to facilitate an offender’s release from prison and successful integration back into the community. Previous research has found positive outcomes with reentry programs but has not yet established a clear set of best practices. This 1-year study evaluates the reentry programs in Washington and Linn Counties—specifically, to address whether participation in reentry services decreases recidivism following prison release. These services include assessment and case planning by a reentry specialist prior to release from prison; a professional mentor who provides emotional and instrumental support before and after prison release; and a range of post-release supportive services, including 1) enhanced supervision from a Community Corrections officer, 2) comprehensive substance abuse and/or mental health treatment, and 3) access to short-term housing services (as needed). The Oregon Criminal Justice Commission (CJC) provided the funds for ODI Investigators (Drs. McCart, Sheidow, and Chapman) to conduct this reentry evaluation.
The Child Study – FOTC
Principal Investigator: J. Mark Eddy, PhD
This was a longitudinal study of 256 children from four cities in the U.S.: Boston, New York, Portland (OR), and Seattle. The study was conducted in collaboration with five independent Friends of the Children non-profit chapters, and was approved by the school districts in each chapter city as well as the OSLC Institutional Review Board. The study received a Certificate of Confidentiality by the National Institutes of Health. Friends of the Children is a long-term youth mentoring program that partners with local school districts to identify children who are considered most appropriate for their program. The program was founded by Duncan Campbell in Portland in 1993 and now serves over 300 children in that city. During the study, children were identified by staff members from schools and their partner Friends of the Children chapter; randomly assigned to either Friends of the Children or to a services-as-usual condition; and invited by school staff to discuss the study with OSLC staff. Interested families were then contacted by OSLC, introduced to the study, and invited to participate. The study either maintained or increased the number of children in each city who receive services from their local Friends of the Children chapter. Once participating in the study, parents/caregivers and children were invited to participate in regular interviews about child adjustment and development during elementary school.
Kids in Transition to School (KITS) – Baltimore
Principal Investigator: Katherine Pears, PhD
KITS is a preventive intervention designed to increase critical school readiness skills in children transitioning into kindergarten who are at risk for school failure. The KITS program has been tested with children in foster care, children with co-occurring developmental disabilities and behavior problems, and children in high poverty neighborhoods. Children’s early literacy, social and self-regulatory skills are developed through participation in a therapeutic playgroup. Children are taught critical school readiness skills and given multiple opportunities to practice those skills in a classroom environment. Parents also attend workshops where they learn strategies to support their child’s skill development and a smooth transition to kindergarten. KITS – Coleridge-Taylor, Baltimore was the first contract for a community-based implementation of KITS. Children participating in the KITS program were incoming kindergartners to the Historic Samuel Coleridge-Taylor Elementary School. The Baltimore-based clinical team received ongoing consultation from the KITS development staff.
Filming Interactions to Nurture Development (FIND)
Principal Investigator: Phil Fisher, PhD
Filming Interactions to Nurture Development (FIND) is a video coaching program for parents and other caregivers of high-risk children. Consistent with other video coaching strategies, FIND employs video to reinforce naturally occurring, developmentally supportive interactions between caregivers and young children. This simple, practical approach emphasizes caregivers’ strengths and capabilities. FIND was developed by Dr. Fisher and colleagues at the Oregon Social Learning Center (OSLC) and OSLC Developments Inc.
Principal Investigator: Ashli J. Sheidow, PhD
MST for Emerging Adults (MST-EA) in Washington, DC. focuses on assisting Evidenced-Based Associates in implementing MST-EA for one team in Washington, DC. This includes intial training of supervisors and therapists, training a replacement therapist during the year as needed, providing individual booster planning and training, supervisor and clinician development planning, TAM collection and summary, tape review, trainer travel and annual program evaluation.
PAVE: Parenting and Visitation Enhancement
There is a critical need for evidence-based parenting programs for parents involved in the child welfare system. When child welfare intervention results in out-of-home placement, parents typically are required to attend classes to improve their parenting skills. In most cases these parenting interventions are neither evidence-based nor tailored to the specific circumstances of families with children in placement. For instance, most evidence-based programs consist of a didactic component and a practice component where parents try new skills. These approaches do not account for an important factor of child welfare involvement – parents and children are not living together.
OSLC Developments, Partners for Our Children, and Washington State’s child welfare agency developed a parenting intervention that incorporates visitation. In the development phase we gathered input from key stakeholders such as parents, the courts, and community members. Our goal was to create an evidence-based parenting program that addresses the specific needs of families involved in the child welfare system and to bring it to scale for system-wide change.
We built on four decades of research conducted at the Oregon Social Learning Center that focused on methods for strengthening parenting of high-risk children and adolescents. PAVE focused on providing parents with the skills and confidence needed to actively and competently participate in supervised visitations with their children during placement, and to subsequently transfer and extend these skills and attitudes to their parenting at home when the family is reunified.
Recognizing the need for such an intervention and the potential of this unique collaboration to achieve this goal, three foundations supported the initial developmental work: The Stuart Foundation, Casey Family Programs, and The Thomas V. Giddens Foundation.
Readiness and Resilience in National Guard Soldiers (RINGS-2)
Principal Investigator: Dave DeGarmo, PhD
This is a 4-year prospective study designed to examine the impact of deployment on the mental health of National Guard families and veterans. This project is funded by the Health Sciences Research and Development branch (HSR&D) of the Veterans Administration. The project embarked in November of 2010 and will continue through 2013. The project is headed by Melissa Polusny, PhD, LP, and Chris Erbes, PhD, LP, at the Minnesota VA Medical School. David DeGarmo, PhD, scientist at OSLC Developments Inc. is supported by RINGS2 as the senior methodologist for design and multilevel analyses of family health trajectories.
RINGS2 will provide systematic information about family well-being and NG veteran mental health that can facilitate the development of targeted and effective support programs for families before, during and after combat deployments. Roughly 2400 deploying soldiers and 1073 spouse/partners will be enrolled at pre-deployment National Guard Family Preparation Academy events. Soldier participants will be asked to complete the study survey at two time points, pre and post deployment. Their participating spouses/partners will be surveyed at 4 time points (pre and post deployment as well as two additional time points during deployment). The study will identify individual soldier and family level risk and protective factors and will specifically characterize heterogeneity in family functioning over the course of deployment and identify predictors of distinct trajectories of family well-being. The study will also provide data on the impact of family well-being on NG veteran’s post-deployment mental health.